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The hydroelectric facility is expected to generate 18, MW of electricity, but Hubei already had rich hydroelectric power potential before the construction of the Three Gorges Dam. Of these subdivisions, 4 are directly administered county-level divisions—3 directly administered county-level cities and 1 directly administered county-level forestry area. Annual precipitation between to mm Xuefeng, Jiuling and Zhuguang Mountains precipitation can surpass mm , 40 percent of which falls between April and June.


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The Nanling Mountains are the climatic divide between Central and South China ECONOMY: Main agricultural products are rice, wheat, potatoes, corn, cash crops like ramie, flue-cured tobacco and rape, tea, tangerines, tungseed oil, sugar cane, animal husbandry mainly pigs , forestry, freshwater fishery black carp, grass carp, silver carp, crucian carp. Natural resources include coal and mineral ores like tungsten, bismuth, antimony, realgar, fluorite, lead, zinc, mercury, kaolin clay, manganese, molybdenum, beryllium, sulphur, phosphorus, limestone, dolomite, silicon, and others.

Major industries: iron and steel, non- ferrous metallurgy industry, coal, cement, papermaking, electric power especially hydro- power , chemicals, textiles especially linen, embroidery and silk , machinery e. Long and cold winters, short but warm summers. Important climatic characteristic: wind, especially in spring; winter blizzards common.

Annual precipitation to mm, 70 percent of which falls during the summer. Vast area of the highland has barely enough rain to sustain growth of agricultural crops ECONOMY: Main agricultural products includes livestock sheep, cows, goats, horses, camels etc. Only 5 percent of Inner Mongolia is farmland, food crops include wheat, oats, corn, millet, sorghum, maize and potatoes. Cash crops include lineseed, rape and beets.

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Major re- sources—forests, pastureland, mineral deposits like coal, niobium, natural alkali soda re- serves, gold, mica, asbestos, chromium, iron, copper, zinc, lead, salt, and others. Major industries: coal mining, power generation, iron and steel, food processing, wool and fur pro- cessing, textiles, timber, machine-building, chemicals, other light industries. North: warm-temperate and semi-humid, cold winters and hot, rainy summers.

South: subtropical and humid with plentiful rain and warmer winters. Mean annual precipitation to mm, decreasing gradually from southeast to north- west more in the north than in the south, more in the coastal areas than in the inland areas. Mineral resources include coal, iron, manganese, copper, lead, zinc, serpentine, gypsum, sea salt, cement limestone, pottery clay, pyrite, phosphorus.

Jiangsu has a remarkably high industrial output; main industries: textile industry cotton, wool, linen, silk, synthetics , machinery industry communications and transportations equipment , electronics industry, chemical industry. Jiangsu also has a long history in creating arts and crafts embroidery, silk, brocade, carvings, ceramics. With a height of Important center for production of timber and bamboo. More than kinds of mineral resources—tungsten, copper, coal, iron, tantalum, uranium, niobium, manganese, lead, zinc, molybdenum, bismuth, rock salt, porcelain clay, limestone, and others.

Annual precipitation to mm, decreasing gradually from southeast to northwest, average mm, unevenly dispersed over the year 60 percent fall between June and August ECONOMY: Main agricultural products include grains like maize, millet, sorghum, rice, also corn, soybeans, sweet potatoes, and cash crops like sugar beets, cured tobacco and sunflower. Other agricultural sectors: forestry timber production; 38 percent of Jilin is forested , animal husbandry oxen, horses, pigs, and sheep , freshwater fishery. Mineral resources include gold, nickel, molybdenum, coal, limestone, graphite, white jade, and oil shale deposits.

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Annual precipitation to mm, at the southeast coast up to mm. Other sectors of agriculture: tussah breeding, coastal fishery, forestry, animal husbandry sheep, oxen. Abundant mineral resources—iron ore, magnesium, boron, coal, crude oil, diamonds, sea salt. Liaoning is an important heavy industry base that produces electricity, pig iron, steel steel complexes at Anshan, Benxi, Dalian, and Fushun , soda ash, coke, plate glass, mine equipment, metal-cutting machine tools, building materials, locomotives, production of nonferrous metals, coal, oil, and natural gas.

Light industries include textiles, paper making, chemical fiber production, tussah silk, washing machines, beer brewing.

Southwest China

Liaoning is the homeland of the Manchu nationality and has a well developed infrastructure, especially its railway. Mean annual temperature Macau has some light industry like fireworks, textile, and garment production, other sectors of the economy are trade and fishery.

When Macau became a SAR in , the municipalities were abolished and the parishes were voided of administrative functions. The parishes are still officially recognized but only on a symbolic basis. Macau has its own international airport on Taipa Many canals were built in the province for irrigation, e. Except in the area of the Huanghe there are few lakes in Ningxia, most of them small reservoirs CLIMATE: Continental climate with drastically changing temperatures, little rainfall and excessive evaporation.

Long, cold winters and short, hot summers. Mineral resources: coal and anthracite, petroleum, phosphorus, limestone, gypsum, salt, iron and tantalum. Main industries: coal mining and electric power generation, metallurgy, machine building, light industry textiles, foodstuffs and paper production. Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was established in October Islam is strong here There are about lakes in the province, which are of three types: freshwater, saltwater, and salt lakes. Long, cold winters and short, cool summers, frequent thunderstorms, hailstorms, strong winds, and sandstorms February to April.

Crops include spring wheat, highland barley, potatoes, rape, apples.

Maps of China - West Southern China (西南地区, Chongqing, Sichuan, ...)

Mineral resources include salt, sylvites, magnesites, lithium, iodine, natural sulphur, bromine, limestone, quartzite, asbestos, oil, and natural gas. Development of industry began after and includes metallurgy, mining, machine-building, textiles, chemicals, and petroleum as well as generation of hydroelectricity; milk powder and wool products. Mineral resources include metals like iron, manganese, molybdenum, chromium, aluminium, copper, cobalt, vanadium, lead, nickel, mercury, gold; non-metals like coal, phosphorus, barite, fluorite, dolo- mite, limestone, and others.

Major industries: coal mining, oil, machine-building, and engi- neering, electronics, chemicals pharmaceuticals, fertilizers , hydropower generation, textiles cotton and wool and other light industries. Due to its rich history Shaanxi is a major tourist destination, and the province has been greatly opened to foreign investment in recent years.


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Mean annual precipitation between and mm, decreasing gradually from southeast to northwest, extremely uneven seasonal distribution—60 percent to 70 percent of the precipitation falls between June and August and usually comes as huge, intense rainstorms, causing landslides and floodings. Mineral resources include coal, petroleum, natural gas, iron, gold, copper, aluminium, diamonds, graphite, gypsum, magnesite, barite, bentonite. Mean annual precipitation around mm. Major industries: metallurgy, chemicals, machinery, ship-building, automobiles, electronics, textiles, light industry.

In the suburbs there is also agriculture; major products: rice, wheat, cotton, rape, vegetables, animal husbandry pigs, dairy cattle , aquatic products.

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Currently, Shanghai is sinking more than 5 mm per year due to overpumping of groundwater. More than 60 percent of precipitation falls in the summer, sometimes as rainstorms or hail, but spring is quite dry, often seeing drought occur ECONOMY: Major agricultural products include maize, millet, sorghum, soybeans, potatoes, wheat; cash crops like cotton, flaxseed, sugar beets, and tobacco; good conditions for raising live- stock like oxen, pigs, and sheep; forestry. Mineral resources: coal largest coal base in China! Major industries: the province is a center of heavy industry with coal mining also coke and electricity production , metallurgy iron and steel , machinery; light industry—textiles, foodstuffs, paper, daily-use chemicals.

Subtropical monsoon climate in the eastern basin, but cold and dry climate in the western plateau with long winters and no summers.

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Precipitation varies as well, to mm depending on the area, unevenly distributed in the different seasons: summer percent, spring and autumn percent each, winter about 5 percent ECONOMY: Main agricultural products include rice, wheat, potatoes, and maize; cash crops like rape, bast fiber crops, cotton, peanuts, sugarcane, tea, oranges; forestry. Animal husbandry: pigs, cattle, sheep and goats, buffaloes and oxen, horses, donkeys, mules, bees, silkworm cocoons, fish breeding.

Mineral resources: natural gas, coal, phosphate rocks, symbiotic iron ore, well salt, mirabilite, asbestos, mica, marble. Major industries include energy production coal and natural gas, hydropower , metallurgy, well salt, and light industries like electronics, engineering, chemical industry and chemical fertilizer production, cane sugar, wine and liquor, silk, and leather goods. Taiwan province is crossed by the Tropic of Cancer latitude Freshwater supply is provided by man-made reservoirs. Snowfall in winter only on peaks above m.

The mean relative humidity averages 75 to 85 percent ECONOMY: Main agricultural products are rice, sugar cane, tea, fruit, vegetables, betel nuts, flowers, livestock pigs, poultry, and dairy cattle and the richest aquatic resources in the China area though overfishing has become a problem.

Rapid economic development since the s changed Taiwan from an agricultural society into a powerful industrial economy. Key industries: electric machinery, mechanical appliances, textiles, plastics, precision instruments, chemicals, iron, steel, and others. Due to rising labor costs, manufacturing has gradually been transferred to the Chinese mainland heaviest investments in Jiangsu, Guangdong, and Fujian provinces and countries in SE Asia.

Busy trade made the seaport Kaohsiung in southern Taiwan one of the largest container terminals in the world. There are 2 special municipalities administered by the ROC central government, 5 county-level cities and 16 counties at the Taiwan provincial level. There was no significant Chinese population at that time, but the island was used as a base by Chinese and Japanese pirates. In response, rival sea power Spain landed on the north side of the island in and built a fort at Keelung, between and they also established a base in Tam- sui.

Large-scale Chinese immigration to Taiwan began in the 17th century. A ban on immigration to Taiwan decreed by the Qing court was lifted in After the lost civil war with the Chinese Communists, the Nationalist government of the ROC and the remains of its armed forces fled to Taiwan in Between and , an estimated 2 million Chinese moved to Taiwan from the mainland. Major earthquakes causing more than casualties struck in , , and Geo- graphically, Taiwan is slowly moving towards the China mainland, and the two sides are expected to be united in about 1.

Trade between the two sides goes via third countries, mostly Hong Kong. Occasional summer flooding and frequent spring droughts. Annual precipitation mm, most of that falls in July and August. Tianjin has traditionally been an important trading port, today it is a large commercial and industrial center with both a textile and machine-building industry. Good mineral reserves—coal, iron, chromium, copper, borax, salt, lead, cobalt, rock crystal, sulphur, arsenic, barite, gypsum, muscovite, graphite. Rich geothermal resources and large water power potential.

Weak industrial base with chemicals, machine-building, building materials, textiles. Tourism is another source of income. In May it was occupied by Chinese Communist forces and designated as an autonomous region in September Major riots against Chinese rule erupted in and Other characteristics: great differences in temperature between day and night, excessive evaporation, little rainfall; great climatic differences between northern and southern Xinjiang.

Precipitation in most areas below mm per year, but there are big differences from place to place. Varied and plentiful mineral resources—coal, oil, mica, asbestos, jadestones, rock salt, gypsum, gold. Main industries: iron, steel and nonferrous metals, coal, petroleum, electrical power good potential for hydropower , agricultural and pastoral ma- chinery, wool production and textiles, sugar production, handicrafts. Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region was established in October , riots against Chinese rule erupted in Yunnan Province is crossed by the Tropic of Cancer latitude Year-round temperate weather with no cold winters and no hot summers, spring and autumn follow each other.

Annual precipitation in most parts of the province more than mm in the valleylands in the upper reaches of the Jinsha River and Lantsang River to mm, in other areas up to mm , 85 percent of rain falls in the wet season between May and October, spring droughts occur almost every year ECONOMY: Favorable natural conditions for agriculture, main products: grain crops like rice, maize, wheat, broad beans, tubers, corn, sorghum; cash crops like rapeseed, sugarcane, cured tobacco, tea, fruits; tropical cash crops like rubber trees, coffee, oil palms, quinine, pepper, sisal hemp, and others.

Rich timber reserves, livestock breeding—cattle, horses, pigs, sheep, bees. Mineral resources: copper, tin, lead, zinc and phosphorus, rock salt, coal, antimony, mirabilite, byrite, blue asbestos, iron, manganese, tungsten, mercury, sylvite, platinum, marble, and others. Most important industry in Yunnan is mining.